On the scientific discourse practice in psychology: Professional comments andreplies in different subdisciplines of psychology up to 2015
Zur Praxis deswissenschaftlichen Diskurses in der Psychologie: Kommentare und Repliken inverschiedenen Teildisziplinen der Psychologie bis 2015
The Open Psychology Journal, 10, 2017
Background: Scientific communications-including criticisms, comments, andreplies-are a significant foundation of scientific progress. Objective: To givean overview on the frequency of written professional comments and repliespublished in the subdisciplines of psychology till 2015. Method: Scientometricanalyses refer to the psychological databases PsycINFO and PSYNDEX. Results:Firstly, the results show that 2.8% of PsycINFO and 2.2% of PSYNDEX documentsrefer to scientific discourse. However, time trends were different, whichincreased (up to 3.6% at the millennium) and then decreased (2.4% in 2013-2015)in PsycINFO, with an up-and-down trajectory in PSYNDEX (decreasing from 3.5%before 1982 to 2.2% in the 1990s, an increase up to 3.1% at the millennium, anda continuous decrease to 0.9% in 2013-2015). Secondly, distinct differences wereobserved between the subdisciplines of psychology and with reference to bothdatabases: psychological/health personnel issues, psychology & the humanities,clinical psychology, history & systems, and personality psychology received themost comments and replies in PsycINFO, and educational psychology,industrial/organizational psychology, and intelligent systems the least. Mostcomments and replies related to PSYNDEX were found in sport psychology/leisure,personality psychology, consumer psychology, and experimental psychology, andthe least are found in publications on intelligent systems, animal/comparativepsychology, history & systems of psychology, and military psychology.Conclusion: The results are collectively discussed (1) with respect to otherindicators of scientific discourse in psychology and other sciences and (2) withrespect to the different cultures of scientific discourse between thesubdisciplines of psychology in the Anglo-American
R the German-speakingcountries.
Journal - ZPID