Is memory for shapes subject to language-specific effects? An experimentalstudy of memory span in German and Chinese subjects Unterliegt das figuraleGedächtnis sprachspe...
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Is memory for shapes subject to language-specific effects? An experimentalstudy of memory span in German and Chinese subjects
Unterliegt das figuraleGedächtnis sprachspezifischen Effekten? Eine experimentelle Untersuchung derGedächtnisspanne bei deutschen und chinesischen Probanden |
|In:||Sprache & Kognition, 18, 1999, 3-4|
|Summary:||Reports on 2 experiments in an investigation of language-specific effects onmemory for shapes. In Experiment 1, 48 native speakers of German, all universitystudents, and 48 Chinese students at the East China Normal Universityparticipated. 10 German and 10 Chinese age-matched subjects took part inExperiment 2. Memory span for simple geometrical shapes and random shapes wasestablished for the German and Chinese subjects. Half of the subjectsadditionally learned verbal descriptions for the random shapes prior to thetrials in which memory span was measured. Throughout all experimentalconditions, the Chinese subjects achieved higher memory span scores than theGerman subjects where simple geometrical shapes were concerned. However, thiswas not the case where random shapes had to be reproduced. In addition, thearticulation times for the verbal descriptions of the figures used weremeasured. The articulation times for the verbal descriptions of both the simplegeometrical shapes and the random shapes were shorter in Chinese than they werein German. The appearance of a language-specific effect on memory in the case ofsimple geometrical shapes and the nonappearance of such an effect in the case ofrandom shapes are discussed within the framework of A. D. Baddeley's workingmemory model. Journal / R.N. - ZPID|
|Type of Resource:||E-Article|