Differential Modulation of Spinal and Corticospinal Excitability During Drop Jumps

Bibliographic Details
Authors and Corporations: Taube, Wolfgang, Leukel, Christian, Schubert, Martin, Gruber, Markus, Rantalainen, Timo, Gollhofer, Albert
Title: Differential Modulation of Spinal and Corticospinal Excitability During Drop Jumps
In: Journal of Neurophysiology, 99, 2008, 3, p. 1243-1252
published:
American Physiological Society
Physical Description:1243-1252
ISSN/ISBN: 1522-1598
0022-3077
Summary:<jats:p> Previously it was shown that spinal excitability during hopping and drop jumping is high in the initial phase of ground contact when the muscle is stretched but decreases toward takeoff. To further understand motor control of stretch-shortening cycle, this study aimed to compare modulation of spinal and corticospinal excitability at distinct phases following ground contact in drop jump. Motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) induced by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and H-reflexes were elicited at the time of the short (SLR)-, medium (MLR)-, and long (LLR, LLR<jats:sub>2</jats:sub>)-latency responses of the soleus muscle (SOL) after jumps from 31 cm height. MEPs and H-reflexes were expressed relative to the background electromyographic (EMG) activity. H-reflexes were highly facilitated at SLR (172%) and then progressively decreased (MLR = 133%; LLR = 123%; LLR<jats:sub>2</jats:sub> = 110%). TMS showed no effect at SLR, MLR, and LLR, whereas MEPs were significantly facilitated at the LLR<jats:sub>2</jats:sub> (122%; P = 0.003). Background EMG was highest at LLR and lowest at LLR<jats:sub>2</jats:sub>. Strong H-reflex facilitation at the beginning of the stance phase indicated significant contribution of Ιa-afferent input to the α-motoneurons during this phase that then progressively declined toward takeoff. Conversely, corticospinal excitability was exclusively increased at the phase of push off (LLR<jats:sub>2</jats:sub>, ∼120 ms). It is argued that corticomotoneurons increased their excitability at LLR<jats:sub>2</jats:sub>. At LLR (∼90 ms), Ιa-afferent transmission as well as corticospinal excitability was low, whereas background EMG was high. Therefore it is speculated that other sources, presumably subcortical in origin, contributed to the EMG activity at LLR in drop jumps. </jats:p>
Type of Resource:E-Article
Source:American Physiological Society (CrossRef)
Language: English