Unified Video Annotation via Multigraph Learning

Bibliographic Details
Authors and Corporations: Meng Wang, Xian-Sheng Hua, Richang Hong, Jinhui Tang, Guo-Jun Qi, Yan Song
Title: Unified Video Annotation via Multigraph Learning
In: IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems for Video Technology, 19, 2009, 5, p. 733-746
Physical Description:733-746
ISSN/ISBN: 1051-8215
Summary:Learning-based video annotation is a promising approach to facilitating video retrieval and it can avoid the intensive labor costs of pure manual annotation. But it frequently encounters several difficulties, such as insufficiency of training data and the curse of dimensionality. In this paper, we propose a method named optimized multigraph-based semi-supervised learning (OMG-SSL), which aims to simultaneously tackle these difficulties in a unified scheme. We show that various crucial factors in video annotation, including multiple modalities, multiple distance functions, and temporal consistency, all correspond to different relationships among video units, and hence they can be represented by different graphs. Therefore, these factors can be simultaneously dealt with by learning with multiple graphs, namely, the proposed OMG-SSL approach. Different from the existing graph-based semi-supervised learning methods that only utilize one graph, OMG-SSL integrates multiple graphs into a regularization framework in order to sufficiently explore their complementation. We show that this scheme is equivalent to first fusing multiple graphs and then conducting semi-supervised learning on the fused graph. Through an optimization approach, it is able to assign suitable weights to the graphs. Furthermore, we show that the proposed method can be implemented through a computationally efficient iterative process. Extensive experiments on the TREC video retrieval evaluation (TRECVID) benchmark have demonstrated the effectiveness and efficiency of our proposed approach.
Type of Resource:E-Article
Source:IEEE Xplore Library
Language: English